The Ecopsychology Issue

The Assault on Israeli Legitimacy

Chris Hedges on Netanyahu, Lieberman and the future of Israel.
Chris Hedges: Annexation of Territory and Slow Ethnic Cleansing
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin “Bibi” Netanyahu

Israel, with its vast settlement expansion – including the hundreds of new homes it intends to build in East Jerusalem – makes no pretense anymore about working toward a two-state solution.

It is an overtly apartheid state. Its goal is no longer rapprochement with the Palestinians but rather the carving up of the West Bank into ringed Palestinian ghettos that will replicate the misery and violence of the large ghetto that has become Gaza.

The Jewish settlements and their constant expansion in the two decades since the signing of the Oslo accords have created a vast and elaborate Israeli infrastructure on Palestinian land that can no longer be reversed. The faint hope that Barack Obama would pressure the Israeli government to abide by UN resolutions and international law was shattered when the president refused to condemn Israel’s brutal 22-day assault on Gaza. Obama’s obsequiousness was cemented when Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin “Bibi” Netanyahu flatly rejected the administration’s call for a halt to illegal settlement expansion. At that point Obama appeared to have given up.

Israel’s decision to seize most of the West Bank and leave 1.5 million Palestinians trapped in the open-air prison that is Gaza inevitably means the creation of a deformed Jewish state in which privileged citizens will live with one set of rules and second-class citizens, Palestinians, will be systematically denied national and individual rights. In this apartheid state, Palestinians will be subjected to ever more humiliating and demeaning forms of control and repression.

The Israelis have consciously orchestrated acute misery and poverty in the Palestinian territories over the past two decades in an effort to subdue and ethnically cleanse the captive population. They have reduced Palestinians, many of whom now live on less than two dollars a day, to a subsistence level. They have created squalid, lawless and impoverished ghettos in the West Bank and Gaza. The Israeli soldiers who surround these ghettos have the ability to instantly cut off food, medicine and goods, perpetuating the misery. When these little Bantustans become restive, Israel drops 1,000-pound iron fragmentation bombs and artillery shells – as they did in Gaza – on the concrete hovels that pack neighborhoods. The Israeli objective is to turn the Palestinian territories into a hell on earth. This policy has, however, swollen the ranks of radical Islamists in the occupied territories and throughout the Middle East and exposed the criminality of the Israeli state to the wider world.

When I was based as a correspondent in Jerusalem two decades ago, it was unthinkable that an Israeli politician who openly advocated ethnically cleansing the Palestinians from Israeli-controlled territory, as well as forcing Arabs in Israel to take loyalty oaths or be forcibly relocated to the West Bank, could sit in the Cabinet.

The racist tirades of Jewish proto-fascists like Meir Kahane stood outside the law. They were vigorously condemned by most Israelis and were prosecuted accordingly. Kahane’s repugnant Kach Party, labeled a terrorist organization by the United States, Canada and the European Union, was outlawed by the Israeli government in 1988 for inciting racism.

But in the last two decades Israel has undergone a radical and disturbing change. The racism spread by Kahane – whose thugs were charged with the murders and beatings of dozens of unarmed Palestinians and whose members held rallies in Jerusalem where they chanted “Death to Arabs!” – has been embraced by leading Israeli politicians, including Israeli’s foreign minister and deputy prime minister, Avigdor Lieberman. Lieberman openly calls for an araberrein Israel – an Israel free of Arabs.

There has been a moral erosion from the days of the socialist Mapai Party, which founded Israel in 1948 and later merged into the Labor Party. The Labor Party held within its ranks many leaders such as Yitzhak Rabin who, while certainly blinded by Zionism, were nevertheless serious about coexistence with the Palestinians. The rise of political extremists such as Netanyahu and Lieberman signals a new era.

Israeli’s foreign minister and deputy prime minister: Avigdor Lieberman

Lieberman, a former nightclub bouncer who was a member of the Kach Party, represents the new face of Israel’s apartheid state.

He has the personal and political habits of the Islamic goons he opposes. He was found guilty in 2001 of beating a 12-year-old boy and fined by an Israeli court. He is being investigated for multimillion-dollar fraud and money laundering and is rumored to have close ties with the Russian mafia. He lives, in defiance of international law, in the Jewish settlement of Nokdim on occupied Palestinian land.

Lieberman, as did his mentor Kahane, calls for the eradication of Palestinians from Israel and the territories it occupies. During the massive Israeli bombardment of Gaza in 2008 and early 2009, he said that Israel should fight Hamas the way the United States fought the Japanese in World War II. He noted that the occupation of Japan was unnecessary to achieve victory, alluding to the dropping of atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. When he assumed his position as foreign minister he announced that the 2007 Annapolis peace agreement was dead. He said in 2004 that 90 percent of Israel’s Palestinian citizens “have no place here. They can take their bundles and get lost.” This statement was especially galling since Lieberman, unlike Palestinians who can trace back their ancestry in the area for generations, immigrated to Israel in 1978 from Moldova and retains a heavy Russian accent. And Lieberman, from the floor of the Knesset, openly fantasized about executing the handful of Palestinian Knesset members.

“We requested that in the government guidelines it would say explicitly that all the inciters and collaborators with terrorism that sit in this house should bear the brunt of the penalty for those actions,” Lieberman said from the Knesset plenum in May of 2006. “All those who continue to meet freely with Hamas and Hezbollah, who go on monthly visits to Lebanon. Those who declared Israel’s Independence Day to be ‘nakba’ [Arabic for catastrophe] Day and raised black flags … World War II ended with the Nuremberg trials. The heads of the Nazi Party went to be executed – but not just them, also those who collaborated with them. Just like [the prime minister of Vichy France during World War II Pierre] Laval was later executed, I hope that this is the fate of the collaborators in this house.”

He has suggested bombing Egypt’s Aswan Dam, an act that would lead to a massive loss of Egyptian lives. As Ariel Sharon’s minister of transportation he offered to bus several hundred Palestinian prisoners to the sea and drown them. He told the president of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, one of Israel’s few Arab allies, to “go to hell.” And, along with Netanyahu, he advocates massive air strikes on Iran’s nuclear facilities.

The rise of racist trolls like Lieberman and Netanyahu, together with the increased repression, like the saturation bombing of Lebanon in 2006 and the recent assassination of a Hamas official in Dubai by the Mossad, is making it harder and harder for Israel to present a democratic facade to the outside world. In February the Reut Institute in Tel Aviv reported to the Israeli cabinet, which it advises, that violence had failed to achieve Israel’s ends and had produced worldwide revulsion instead.

“In last year’s Gaza operation,” the report said, “our superior military power was offset by an offensive on Israel’s legitimacy that led to a significant setback in our international standing and will constrain future Israeli military planning and operations.”

Israel, despite warnings from many within the Israeli establishment, has embarked on a course that will see it, like the South African apartheid regime, become ever more isolated and reviled. A Palestinian state, if it comes into existence, will have to be declared by forces outside of Israel – most likely the United Nations. These international forces will openly challenge Israel’s apartheid regime and unilaterally draw state lines along the old 1967 border. Once this takes place, Israel’s very legitimacy – like that of its old ally the apartheid regime in South Africa – will be in doubt.

Chris Hedges, a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter for the New York Times, is the author of several books including the best sellers War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning and Empire of Illusion: The End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle.

274 comments on the article “The Assault on Israeli Legitimacy”

Displaying 61 - 70 of 274

Page 7 of 28

Misterioso

No one is arguing that the US supported Saudi Arabian dictatorship/monarch is not corrupt and utterly undemocratic. I remind you that the subject of this discussion is Israel. Your classic hasbara tactic of shifting the focus to another issue is laughable and utterly predictable. Most importantly, it does not work and only demonstrates that you have no viable arguments apropos the subject at hand.

Misterioso

No one is arguing that the US supported Saudi Arabian dictatorship/monarch is not corrupt and utterly undemocratic. I remind you that the subject of this discussion is Israel. Your classic hasbara tactic of shifting the focus to another issue is laughable and utterly predictable. Most importantly, it does not work and only demonstrates that you have no viable arguments apropos the subject at hand.

Nick (Europe)

Indeed, Saudi Arabia is one example of how certain Arab nations discriminate on the basis of gender. When it comes to Christians that converted from Islam, (even) Egypt is quite notorious still for at least not protecting these Coptic Christians sufficiently. Not protecting them, in essence, is a form of Apartheid. In the past elaborate red tape constructions were in place to frustrate Coptic Christians when they wished to exercise certain constitutional rights. I do not think an Israeli would be safe today in Egypt even, let alone in Yemen (recently Jews have been murdered there) or Sudan. Sudan, where thousands of people were slaughtered (where is the outrage?) and still Sudanese president was more than welcome at the Pan Arab congress. Nota bene: international warrants for his arrest exist. Do you honestly believe Jews are (really) safe in Libya, Syria, Sudan, Egypt, Yemen or Algeria today (to name a few Arab countries)? Even when one travels to moderate N. African countries such as Tunisia or Morocco it is clear the local Arabs themselves are already fearful of for example Libyan Secret Service. Together with for example the Syrians, they are notorious for violating human rights.

Rights -let's write a little bit about law in certain Arab nations- in quite a few Arab nations are based on quite distorted forms of so called Sharia law. Original Sharia laws arguably were an improvement over existing laws -and expecially for 'lawless' regions- of the time and arguably are less severe than biblical laws. Where the West and Israel no longer uses religious laws, most so called ‘Islamic nations’ (therefore also the Arab nations) use distorted forms of this original Sharia law. Original Sharia law only knows death penalty for murder. Stoning to death on top is not a punishment from original Sharia law. It did happen in Quran however, when Muhammad had to use existing laws (before Sharia allegedly was dictated to him). Extensive proof is necessary in original Sharia, the more severe the possible punishment, the stricter the proof must be. In severe cases as much as four witnesses with impeccable behaviour are needed who saw a crime with their own eyes, before anyone can be convicted. The laws in most Arab nations today are modifications of Sharia – in many cases witnesses have become economic assets and punishments have become totally out of proportion. Then to think in original Sharia law the possibility to forgive was something that was leading and crimes against Allah (such as blasphemy) could not be punished by humans. Allah considered them to be so grave, only Allah was allowed to deal with them (send them to Hell, not unlike what happens under Christianity).

Everywhere in the Arab World traditional Jewish quarters in cities are becoming less habited by Jews. Even in Europe Jews are quite often targets of certain North African youth gangs, which -by the way- also molest homosexuals and women. Certain groups within Islam believe it is halal to kill or molest non-Muslims. It is totally clear Jews fall under this definition. The problem today is, with all demonization of Israel, it is kind of the safest thing to do for most Arabs to speak up against Israel.

Most Arab nations profit from having Israel as enemy of her public, so to say. That is the perfect lightning rod for the fact most Arabs do not live in freedom. As long as Joe Public Arab cries out against Israel, he will not open his eyes and start fighting his own government. The Pal Arab terrorists are largely perceived as a bunch of Che Guevarras, no matter how many innocent people they kill, lame and torture. Most Arabs like the idea of Arabs fighting for freedom – the Pal Arab terrorists are the only ones that seem to do just that. I think silently most Arabs hope one day what they think is happening in the Pal Arab occupied territories will happen at their place as well. No wonder so many Arabs really believe the Pal Arab Freedom Fighter Myth: they see it on their media every day. Even in the West not seldom pieces of Pallywood turn up as ‘actual proof’ of what happens in Gaza for example.

Even on Egyptian television, at ‘peace’ with Israel(!), one can often see Imams who ‘justify’ the so called Jihad, by saying it is Israel who occupied Muslim lands. That of course is total nonsense: Israel was re-created after de division of the British protectorate “Palestine” (again: this word is not even pronounceable in Arabic, let alone there were (Arab) tribes in history before ’48 that called themselves that way). Furthermore they state all Israelis are soldiers and Pal Arab terrorists hardly ever kill Israeli children. Of course, this is another lie to ‘justify’ attacking Israel indiscriminately, since Jihad with the sword allows only those who attack you to be targeted. Third these Imams state the Pal Arabs have no weapons, so they have no choice but to use their bodies for that. Of course that is total nonsense too: if the Pal Arabs stop attacking Israel, peace would soon be there. On top, it is never the well situated Pal Arabs or older Pal Arabs that ‘willingly’ blow themselves up; it is most times minors who are sent in…with booby trapped bomb belts. This is how truth is distorted in order to make it ‘fit’ within the original Jihad (with the sword) concept of Islam; this purely defensive option from original Islam. This is what takes place today on a regular basis in Egypt, a nation that is officially at peace with Israel. What again it was you want to know about respect for Jews in Arab nations, ‘anonymous’?

Nick (Europe)

Indeed, Saudi Arabia is one example of how certain Arab nations discriminate on the basis of gender. When it comes to Christians that converted from Islam, (even) Egypt is quite notorious still for at least not protecting these Coptic Christians sufficiently. Not protecting them, in essence, is a form of Apartheid. In the past elaborate red tape constructions were in place to frustrate Coptic Christians when they wished to exercise certain constitutional rights. I do not think an Israeli would be safe today in Egypt even, let alone in Yemen (recently Jews have been murdered there) or Sudan. Sudan, where thousands of people were slaughtered (where is the outrage?) and still Sudanese president was more than welcome at the Pan Arab congress. Nota bene: international warrants for his arrest exist. Do you honestly believe Jews are (really) safe in Libya, Syria, Sudan, Egypt, Yemen or Algeria today (to name a few Arab countries)? Even when one travels to moderate N. African countries such as Tunisia or Morocco it is clear the local Arabs themselves are already fearful of for example Libyan Secret Service. Together with for example the Syrians, they are notorious for violating human rights.

Rights -let's write a little bit about law in certain Arab nations- in quite a few Arab nations are based on quite distorted forms of so called Sharia law. Original Sharia laws arguably were an improvement over existing laws -and expecially for 'lawless' regions- of the time and arguably are less severe than biblical laws. Where the West and Israel no longer uses religious laws, most so called ‘Islamic nations’ (therefore also the Arab nations) use distorted forms of this original Sharia law. Original Sharia law only knows death penalty for murder. Stoning to death on top is not a punishment from original Sharia law. It did happen in Quran however, when Muhammad had to use existing laws (before Sharia allegedly was dictated to him). Extensive proof is necessary in original Sharia, the more severe the possible punishment, the stricter the proof must be. In severe cases as much as four witnesses with impeccable behaviour are needed who saw a crime with their own eyes, before anyone can be convicted. The laws in most Arab nations today are modifications of Sharia – in many cases witnesses have become economic assets and punishments have become totally out of proportion. Then to think in original Sharia law the possibility to forgive was something that was leading and crimes against Allah (such as blasphemy) could not be punished by humans. Allah considered them to be so grave, only Allah was allowed to deal with them (send them to Hell, not unlike what happens under Christianity).

Everywhere in the Arab World traditional Jewish quarters in cities are becoming less habited by Jews. Even in Europe Jews are quite often targets of certain North African youth gangs, which -by the way- also molest homosexuals and women. Certain groups within Islam believe it is halal to kill or molest non-Muslims. It is totally clear Jews fall under this definition. The problem today is, with all demonization of Israel, it is kind of the safest thing to do for most Arabs to speak up against Israel.

Most Arab nations profit from having Israel as enemy of her public, so to say. That is the perfect lightning rod for the fact most Arabs do not live in freedom. As long as Joe Public Arab cries out against Israel, he will not open his eyes and start fighting his own government. The Pal Arab terrorists are largely perceived as a bunch of Che Guevarras, no matter how many innocent people they kill, lame and torture. Most Arabs like the idea of Arabs fighting for freedom – the Pal Arab terrorists are the only ones that seem to do just that. I think silently most Arabs hope one day what they think is happening in the Pal Arab occupied territories will happen at their place as well. No wonder so many Arabs really believe the Pal Arab Freedom Fighter Myth: they see it on their media every day. Even in the West not seldom pieces of Pallywood turn up as ‘actual proof’ of what happens in Gaza for example.

Even on Egyptian television, at ‘peace’ with Israel(!), one can often see Imams who ‘justify’ the so called Jihad, by saying it is Israel who occupied Muslim lands. That of course is total nonsense: Israel was re-created after de division of the British protectorate “Palestine” (again: this word is not even pronounceable in Arabic, let alone there were (Arab) tribes in history before ’48 that called themselves that way). Furthermore they state all Israelis are soldiers and Pal Arab terrorists hardly ever kill Israeli children. Of course, this is another lie to ‘justify’ attacking Israel indiscriminately, since Jihad with the sword allows only those who attack you to be targeted. Third these Imams state the Pal Arabs have no weapons, so they have no choice but to use their bodies for that. Of course that is total nonsense too: if the Pal Arabs stop attacking Israel, peace would soon be there. On top, it is never the well situated Pal Arabs or older Pal Arabs that ‘willingly’ blow themselves up; it is most times minors who are sent in…with booby trapped bomb belts. This is how truth is distorted in order to make it ‘fit’ within the original Jihad (with the sword) concept of Islam; this purely defensive option from original Islam. This is what takes place today on a regular basis in Egypt, a nation that is officially at peace with Israel. What again it was you want to know about respect for Jews in Arab nations, ‘anonymous’?

Misterioso

You and your ilk perpetually ignore the elephant in the living room: Unlike Israel, Saudi Arabia and other US maintained dictatorships in the Arab world are not illegally and belligerently/brutally occupying other people's lands and oppressing and dispossessing the native inhabitants.

Also, for your edification:

Rabbi Sassoon Kehdouri, Iraq's Chief Rabbi for 48 years, speaking before the 1946 Anglo-American Committee of Enquiry on Palestine: "Iraqi Jews will be forever against Zionism. Jews and Arabs have enjoyed the same rights and privileges for a thousand years and do not regard themselves as a distinctive separate part of this nation."

Chaim Weizmann, Israel's first president, also addressing the 1946 Anglo-American Committee of Enquiry: "I would not like to do any injustice. The Muslim world has treated the Jews with considerable tolerance. The Ottoman Empire [of which the Arabs were a major part] received the Jews with open arms when they were driven out of Spain and Europe, and the Jews should never forget that."

Misterioso

You and your ilk perpetually ignore the elephant in the living room: Unlike Israel, Saudi Arabia and other US maintained dictatorships in the Arab world are not illegally and belligerently/brutally occupying other people's lands and oppressing and dispossessing the native inhabitants.

Also, for your edification:

Rabbi Sassoon Kehdouri, Iraq's Chief Rabbi for 48 years, speaking before the 1946 Anglo-American Committee of Enquiry on Palestine: "Iraqi Jews will be forever against Zionism. Jews and Arabs have enjoyed the same rights and privileges for a thousand years and do not regard themselves as a distinctive separate part of this nation."

Chaim Weizmann, Israel's first president, also addressing the 1946 Anglo-American Committee of Enquiry: "I would not like to do any injustice. The Muslim world has treated the Jews with considerable tolerance. The Ottoman Empire [of which the Arabs were a major part] received the Jews with open arms when they were driven out of Spain and Europe, and the Jews should never forget that."

Anonymous

How amazing that so many people get upset by this article. You'd think people reading Adbusters wouldn't get so influenced by big media companies. Israel's actions are much worse than apartheid and border on outright genocide.

Of course neither the Palestinians nor the Israeli's are innocent in this conflict, but when making a judgement of who is worse why not consider things like:
X> The death toll - while death estimates differ drastically depending on who you listen to, they generally range from 4 -50 Palestinian deaths for every 1 single Israeli death.
X> The history - Jews have been a minority population in Israel/Palestine for more or less 1000years and a Jewish state hasn't existed there for well over 2000 years (not counting a few briefly successful Jewish revolts). Palestine has been predominantly Arab for many centuries.
X> The Agency - Israeli's have a vast military, economic and diplomatic advantage over Palestinians, meaning that Israel has relatively far more power to improve the overall situation than does Palestine. Furthermore, Israel exacerbates Arab poverty through restricting food, education etc.

Sure Hamas are a bunch of criminals, but in the grand scale of things their crimes pale in significance to those of Jewish Zionists. It is ironic that Jews, who were the victims of the horrors of Hitler (along with the disabled and homosexuals BTW), should now torment the Palestinians in this way. Israeli Jews remind me of a man I know who was bullied at school and now that he is a manager in a company, he delights in bullying the staff under him.

Anonymous

How amazing that so many people get upset by this article. You'd think people reading Adbusters wouldn't get so influenced by big media companies. Israel's actions are much worse than apartheid and border on outright genocide.

Of course neither the Palestinians nor the Israeli's are innocent in this conflict, but when making a judgement of who is worse why not consider things like:
X> The death toll - while death estimates differ drastically depending on who you listen to, they generally range from 4 -50 Palestinian deaths for every 1 single Israeli death.
X> The history - Jews have been a minority population in Israel/Palestine for more or less 1000years and a Jewish state hasn't existed there for well over 2000 years (not counting a few briefly successful Jewish revolts). Palestine has been predominantly Arab for many centuries.
X> The Agency - Israeli's have a vast military, economic and diplomatic advantage over Palestinians, meaning that Israel has relatively far more power to improve the overall situation than does Palestine. Furthermore, Israel exacerbates Arab poverty through restricting food, education etc.

Sure Hamas are a bunch of criminals, but in the grand scale of things their crimes pale in significance to those of Jewish Zionists. It is ironic that Jews, who were the victims of the horrors of Hitler (along with the disabled and homosexuals BTW), should now torment the Palestinians in this way. Israeli Jews remind me of a man I know who was bullied at school and now that he is a manager in a company, he delights in bullying the staff under him.

Anonymous

"The death toll" - obviously to you it does not matter who does the killing. Pal Arabs kill themselves and were/ are killed by other Arabs predominantly.

"The history" - It is not about who occupied the lands, it is about who righteously owned it.

"The agency" - So according to you, Israel is responsible for the overall poor conditions in many Arab nations? You seem to have no factual knowledge whatsoever also with respect to income distribution and who exactly helps the PA in the West Bank to at least do something about the terrorists there.

Hamas a bunch of criminals? Their crimes pale in significance to those of Jewish Zionists? Prove it. They torment the Pal Arabs? Obviously you have no clue what you are talking about and have not a shred of evidence to back your absurd and overly simplistic claims up.

Which Israeli actions specifically ‘border on genocide’? Which specific Israeli actions are ‘much worse than Apartheid’? You claim a lot, yet you prove nothing whatsoever.

I realize very well many people that read Adbusters seem to be misinformed overly left wing "idealists" who still think Israel is imperialism and Black September is the same as Che Guevara. Obviously many people who still believe the Rote Armee Fraktion was a bunch of idealistic Robin Hoods have no clue either what exactly is the movement groups like Black September, Hamas, Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, Al Qaida and Hezbollah really stand for. It seems it is about time certain people here start opening their eyes and stop believe everything 'the not so big media companies' feed them. It is not a law everything that does not come from a 'big media company' has to be 'the truth' and your way of 'reasoning' could well be proof of that. That is, if we were to take for granted where you say you get your absurd ideas from, which we don't, of course. No wonder articles like these do not upset you; you simply have no idea what really goes on in the Middle East and judging from how you write, you probably don’t care either.

Anonymous

"The death toll" - obviously to you it does not matter who does the killing. Pal Arabs kill themselves and were/ are killed by other Arabs predominantly.

"The history" - It is not about who occupied the lands, it is about who righteously owned it.

"The agency" - So according to you, Israel is responsible for the overall poor conditions in many Arab nations? You seem to have no factual knowledge whatsoever also with respect to income distribution and who exactly helps the PA in the West Bank to at least do something about the terrorists there.

Hamas a bunch of criminals? Their crimes pale in significance to those of Jewish Zionists? Prove it. They torment the Pal Arabs? Obviously you have no clue what you are talking about and have not a shred of evidence to back your absurd and overly simplistic claims up.

Which Israeli actions specifically ‘border on genocide’? Which specific Israeli actions are ‘much worse than Apartheid’? You claim a lot, yet you prove nothing whatsoever.

I realize very well many people that read Adbusters seem to be misinformed overly left wing "idealists" who still think Israel is imperialism and Black September is the same as Che Guevara. Obviously many people who still believe the Rote Armee Fraktion was a bunch of idealistic Robin Hoods have no clue either what exactly is the movement groups like Black September, Hamas, Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, Al Qaida and Hezbollah really stand for. It seems it is about time certain people here start opening their eyes and stop believe everything 'the not so big media companies' feed them. It is not a law everything that does not come from a 'big media company' has to be 'the truth' and your way of 'reasoning' could well be proof of that. That is, if we were to take for granted where you say you get your absurd ideas from, which we don't, of course. No wonder articles like these do not upset you; you simply have no idea what really goes on in the Middle East and judging from how you write, you probably don’t care either.

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