A Question Of Tactics

David Graeber responds to Chris Hedges.


David Graeber has been involved with Occupy Wall Street since the early days of September, when he partook in the first ad hoc general assemblies in New York City and helped articulate the movements' nonviolent ethos. He is also a self-professed anarchist and Black Bloc supporter.

In response to Chris Hedges Feb 6 article on, The Cancer in Occupy, Graeber drafted the following open letter challenging the Pulitzer Prize winning authors’ characterization of the Black Bloc and the movement itself.

I am writing this on the premise that you are a well-meaning person who wishes Occupy Wall Street to succeed. I am also writing as someone who was deeply involved in the early stages of planning Occupy in New York.

I am also an anarchist who has participated in many Black Blocs. While I have never personally engaged in acts of property destruction, I have on more than one occasion taken part in Blocs where property damage has occurred. (I have taken part in even more Blocs that did not engage in such tactics. It is a common fallacy that this is what Black Blocs are all about. It isn’t.)

I was hardly the only Black Bloc veteran who took part in planning the initial strategy for Occupy Wall Street. In fact, anarchists like myself were the real core of the group that came up with the idea of occupying Zuccotti Park, the “99%” slogan, the General Assembly process, and, in fact, who collectively decided that we would adopt a strategy of Gandhian non-violence and eschew acts of property damage. Many of us had taken part in Black Blocs. We just didn’t feel that was an appropriate tactic for the situation we were in.


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28 comments on the article “A Question Of Tactics”

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We should be middle of the road people, but we should also realize we are facing a ruthless systems set up by blood sucking moneylenders.
All things taken to extremes become bad.
Gandhi was looking successful because he was dealing with sophisticated people with some conscience.
Had he been dealing with the Nazis or Zionists, he would have been processed into his elements right away, and no one will know him.


if you own an iphone, wear name brand clothing, drive a car, use electricity, drink soda, pay taxes etc...


it is impossible to be an american citizen (or western) and be non-violent at the same time. you pay taxes, you fund war. stop kidding yourself.

plain and simple.

the hypocrisy is so thick it has blinded the herd.

thank goodness for people like Graeber.



i greatly admire both Hedges and Graeber. I have a question for Graeber that I don't think he addressed in his letter to Hedges - What is gained from Black Bloc tactics? Bottom line for me is whatever gives Occupy strength is a good thing so I'm unclear how their tactics accomplish that.


David ... and everyone:
Let me tell you some things from experience going back to Slovak rejection of Russia in '67 and learning all the way back to FDR .. even Prez Lincoln with the Deceleration of Independence, US Constitution and Bill of Rights.
Although you did a very good thing with Occupy you and Occupy didn't use the tools given to you to give the movement the force of Law. If anyone is to battle the British Empire and it's proliferation on this planet or any other destructive system then you need to learn the Laws all the way back to Sumeria, Greek Gods, Shamans, I Ching, Old Egypt and the rest as far back as you can. Put them all together to see the full system of Man and Woman.
What they all say is basically that after the Gods, Angels, Heroes etc left this planet they gave Man and Woman the Right to Choose as sentient beings, ALL Men and Women are created equal and the Right to reach a Higher state of Being via the info they left behind ... til such time as we reach and become part of the Galactic and even Universal Communities.

If you or anyone is to succeed then you need to make out a Claim of Right to any assembly, free speech, each and every individuals sovereignty that attends, and rest of your Rights according to ancient original Law and or Declaration of Independence, US Constitution and Bill of Rights. Then get it Notarized and present it to the system.

Second part is to create a fee schedule if these Rights should be violated, as it's the only thing the destructive British Empire System comprehends. It must be high enough to counter their profits or above. I suggest at present:
1 Troy Oz of gold per minute (free of any debt, usury and or taxes)
100 Troy Oz of gold per incident
1000 Troy Oz of gold in case of injury (any injury, even a scratch or being yelled at)
1 Million Oz of gold in case of death
Make sure to send copies to local authorities, state and federal and video your process. Make sure to include the right to video and record everything.

How the North American system is supposed to work:
You are considered an Immigrant if you or your family came here from another part of this planet. For this you needed to use the shipping system or transportation system created by British Admiralty ie passport, birth certificate, citizenship. Once here on the land you can Claim Settler's Rights and all that comes with them. Once established then you can Claim Sovereignty, as all North Americans are supposed to be. Indigenous individuals are Sovereign by default.
What most don't know is that they are still stuck in Immigrant status via paperwork just mentioned and by imposed British Banking System upon North America ... Hence are considered Chattel (animals) still being transported and taken care of.
Most that have signed contracts such as Green Card, DMV, tax forms, military, or any other contract you were not part of creating have relinquished their Sovereignty for corrupt Admiralty system, in part or in whole. Unless you sign yourself out you are under their control.

Once a Sovereign on your own land there are 3 main rules:
1. Keep the peace
2. Don't hurt anyone of their property
3. Keep your word on agreements and contracts

Only way you can loose your land is if you poison it yourself (you die by default) or your neighbor. All those corporations, businesses and operations that have already done damage should be sent back into the seas, not just given meager fines. Right to Bear Arms is there for this reason.
Do North Americans want to do something constructive? Now what would happen if all that pollution is sent back to those who created it .. right to their homes and mansions?

You also have the right to assign your own Peace Officers if you find Police or Sheriff corrupt. Now what would happen if everyone was an appointed certified Peace Officer?
You have the right to create your own just courts.
Learn your words:
Police = policy officers (for the corporations) .. not for you and your best interests
Lawyer = liar .. not your advocate for your rights
Attorney = a turn ney = individual part of Admiralty system whom is a representative of your account in your name .. not you as a Man or Woman.
etc etc

For more info look-up Winston Shrout, Robert: Menard, Lawful Rebellion, 1932 A True History of the United States, , , and any other related individuals.
If you look deep enough and learn enough you will find the one and only law of our Universe and the power that comes with it.

The only thing that stands in the way of the destructive British Empire rule world wide is our force as a whole. We outnumber them 10 Million to 1.
Factoid: in 1971 a group of 500 people came together to meditate on peace as one for a week, violence dropped in all of Europe by 50% for next 6 months. Do you think same can be done to any destructive situation?
Factoid 2: certain Gangs in LA have negotiated a truce, learned the system, Claimed their Rights .. now the Police or anyone else doesn't dare to come in there to cause trouble. There are many similar communities around this planet.

I wish you and everyone a good journey to freedom.
Elder Gabirael


I can't wait for this to explode on a hot night this coming summer. My god its going to be magnificent the raging youth of America against the militarized police state. I'm effing ready for the chaos, lets get it on.


We are not going to get anywhere by offering the other cheek. We are dealing not only with a Police State, but an open air prison for tens of millions of people.

Please learn about the concentration camps being set up in United States of Israel. Lot of information is available over the internet.

We will be treated like Palestinians at a much bigger scale.

Being angry will accomplish nothing. We are dealing with career criminals. You will have to be very astute and determined. But please, please, please make sure you remain reasonable at all times. USI has total control of the media, and all we have are a few intelligent determined people. The criminal state will try to make us look unreasonable.

The crimes by USI are extreme, and they will stop at nothing.


I'd like to see how the Black Blocers will do against the FBI's remote controlled flying insect moths with tiny camera backpack.

They talk like they are SOOO effective and accomplashing something or even at all.

Let's see how they do against those moths.

Then tell us smashing windows does something or sends a message. After when you're sitting in a chemical bath of clonning agents.


30,000 Drones To Fill American Skies By The End Of The Decade

Don't worry. If you have nothing to hide, then you have nothing to worry about.


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